In 1944 Bernard Aldebert and many other young French men were deported via
KZ Buchenwald, KZ Mauthausen and KZ Gusen I to KZ Gusen II Concentration Camp.
After the war, Bernard Aldebert tried to cope with the horrible experiences
he had at KZ Gusen II (Bergkristall) by
making a set of 50 drawings with scenes from "Bergkristall".
This drawings were published together with descriptive text
in France in 1946 and are one of the most important sources
of information about the KZ Gusen II (Bergkristall) Concentration Camp.
In 1996 Elisabeth Hoelzl, a young Austrian lady living nearly above the
tunnels of BERGKRISTALL translated this book to the German language
along with a thesis at the University of Salzburg, Austria.
Meanwhile the book was reprinted with its many drawings
in the French and German language under the title
"GUSEN 2 - Chemin de Croix en 50 Stations - Leidensweg in 50 Stationen"
by the Austrian printer "Bibliothek der Provinz" at Weitra, Austria.
Ludovico Barbiano di Belgioioso
In 1944 Ludovico di Belgioioso and one of his brothers were deported via
Mauthausen from Milano, Italy to the KZ Gusen Concentration Camps.
Ludovico di Belgioioso survived the KZ Gusen Camps because he was transferred
to Gunskirchen Camp at the end of the war.
His brother did not suvive because he was transferred to the KZ Gusen II
"Hell of Hells". The death of his brother at KZ Gusen II also was
one reason form him to activate comrades for the construction of
the KZ Gusen Memorial in the early 60-ties.
Since he was a young architect, he documented some of his impressions
and experiences at KZ Gusen I with graphical sketches too.
Some of them had been published recently in his book mentioned below.
The book and the sketches are important sources to commemorate the thousands
of victims of deportation and the Mauthausen-Gusen-Gunskirchen Complex.
Aldo Carpi was a Jewish inmate of KZ Gusen I Camp from Milano, Italy.
Due to his artistic proficiency he survived at the KZ Gusen Pathological
Unit because of producing paintings for SS-men there too.
Since Carpi worked in that Pathological Unit and since he survived the
KZ Gusen I Camp, he was one of the most important eye-wittnesses of
the medical experiments that were carried out at KZ Gusen
between 1941 and 1945.
Some of his paintings and experiences are documented in his book
Franciszek Julian Znamirowski
Franciszek Julian Znamirowski created many paintings and sketches in KL Gusen I.
He is also the author of a set of 10 colourful paintings
that were found in late 1997 at Regensburg, Germany and that were given to a German
civillian worker of Messerschmnitt at KZ Gusen as thanks for good treatment
in the camp.
- Aldebert Bernard, Chemin de Croix en 50 Stations de Compiegne a Gusen II en passant par Buchenwald, Mauthausen e Gusen I, Fontenay-aux-Roses, 1946
- Begioioso Ludovico Barbiano di, Notte, Nebbia - Racconto di Gusen, Ugo Guanda, Parma 1996
- Carpi Aldo, Diario di Gusen, Torino 1993
- Hanausch Reinhard, Antiquariat REDIVIVUS, Regensburg, Germany 1997
- Hoelzl Elisabeth, Holocaust in der Literatur, Diplomarbeit zur Erlangung
des Magistergrades, Universitaet Salzburg, 1996 (see Aldebert, Chemin de Croix ...)
- Znamirowski Franciszek Julian, Pamietamy - Nigdy Wiecej Obozow Koncentracyjnych, Toronto 1971
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For additional information, comments or suggestions, please contact:
KZ GUSEN Memorial Committee
Most recent updates of this page were made on
2006-10-21 by Rudolf A. HAUNSCHMIED,
Martha GAMMER, Siegi WITZANY-DURDA and