KZ Gusen III (Lungitz)
This camp was established near the brick production-plant at Lungitz (some 4 km north of Gusen) with Summer 1943. Nevertheless it was December 16, 1944 that this camp was administered officially as a satellite of the KZ Mauthausen-Gusen complex.Prior to 1943, KZ Gusen inmates were already used as work-force in the brick production-plant. But when this plant became closed in 1943, nearly all of the plant was used to store aircraft parts for the Messerschmitt branch plant at KZ Gusen.
Furthermore, the railway-station near KZ Gusen III (Lungitz) was used to direct railway-wagons that brought Me-262 parts from all around the Third Reich into the BERGKRISTALL underground plant at St. Georgen/Gusen.
In February 1945, a “bakery” was set into operation to bake bread for some 40,000 inmates of the KZ Mauthausen-Gusen I, II & III system of camps (in those days the KZ Gusen I, II & III camps with some 25,000 had double the number of inmates than the related Mauthausen camp with some 12,000 inmates).
Camp Gusen III was the first camp in the Mauthausen-Gusen complex to be liberated on May 5, 1945 by S/Sgt. Al Kosiek and his 23 men of the 41st Recon Squad, 11th Ard Div, 3rd US Army.
On May 7, 2000 a monument was inaugurated at the place of this former concentration camp.