Bernard Aldebert

In 1944 Bernard Aldebert and many other young French men were deported via KZ Buchenwald, KZ Mauthausen, and KZ Gusen I to KZ Gusen II Concentration Camp.

After the war, Bernard Aldebert tried to cope with the horrible experiences he had at KZ Gusen II (Bergkristall) by making a set of 50 drawings with scenes from “Bergkristall”.

This drawings were published together with descriptive text in France in 1946 and are one of the most important sources of information about the KZ Gusen II (Bergkristall) Concentration Camp.

In 1996 Elisabeth Hoelzl, a young Austrian lady living nearly above the tunnels of BERGKRISTALL translated this book to the German language along with a thesis at the University of Salzburg, Austria.

Meanwhile the book was reprinted with its many drawings in the French and German language under the title “GUSEN 2 – Chemin de Croix en 50 Stations – Leidensweg in 50 Stationen” by the Austrian printer “Bibliothek der Provinz” at Weitra, Austria.

Recommended literature:

  • Aldebert Bernard, Chemin de Croix en 50 Stations de Compiegne a Gusen II en passant par Buchenwald, Mauthausen e Gusen I, Fontenay-aux-Roses, 1946
  • Hoelzl Elisabeth, Holocaust in der Literatur, Diplomarbeit zur Erlangung des Magistergrades, Universitaet Salzburg, 1996 (see Aldebert, Chemin de Croix …)

Ludovico Barbiano di Belgioioso

In 1944 Ludovico di Belgioioso and one of his brothers were deported via Mauthausen from Milano, Italy to the KZ Gusen Concentration Camps.

Ludovico survived the KZ Gusen Camps because he was transferred to Gunskirchen Camp at the end of the war. His brother did not suvive because he was transferred to the KZ Gusen II “Hell of Hells”. The death of his brother at KZ Gusen II also was one reason for him to activate comrades for the construction of the KZ Gusen Memorial in the early 60-ties.

Since he was a young architect, he documented some of his impressions and experiences at KZ Gusen I with graphical sketches too.

Some of them had been re-published 1997 in his book mentioned below. The book and the sketches are important sources to commemorate the thousands of victims of deportation and the Mauthausen-Gusen-Gunskirchen Complex.

Recommended literature:

  • Begioioso Ludovico Barbiano di, Notte, Nebbia – Racconto di Gusen, Ugo Guanda, Parma 1996

Aldo Carpi

Aldo Carpi was a Jewish inmate of KZ Gusen I Camp from Milano, Italy. Due to his artistic proficiency he survived at the KZ Gusen pathological unit because of producing paintings for SS-men there too.

Since Carpi worked in that pathological unit and since he survived Camp Gusen I, he was one of the most important eye-wittnesses of the medical experiments that were carried out at KZ Gusen between 1941 and 1945.

Some of his paintings and experiences are documented in his book mentioned below.

Recommended literature:

  • Carpi Aldo, Diario di Gusen, Torino 1993

Franciszek Julian Znamirowski

Franciszek Julian Znamirowski created many paintings and sketches in KL Gusen I.

He is also the author of a set of 10 colourful paintings that were found in late 1997 at Regensburg, Germany and that were given to a German civillian worker of Messerschmnitt at KZ Gusen as thanks for good treatment in the camp.

Recommended literature:

  • Hanausch Reinhard, Antiquariat REDIVIVUS, Regensburg, Germany 1997
  • Znamirowski Franciszek Julian, Pamietamy – Nigdy Wiecej Obozow Koncentracyjnych, Toronto 1971


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